Ten normal men were used as controls, as was a group consisting of five normal women and another consisting of five pregnant women. ISBN lising out good practice. As a result there is a wealth ability to pay. Some Netherlands, Slovakia are using ture size of rooms and staff ratios , process quality accreditation measures, coupled with the mechanisms and assessments in place monitoring systems Cyprus, Germany, Greece, and outcome prevalence of certain medical France, the Netherlands. Additional the right to inspect establishments and im- services outpatient facilities such as resi- pose penalties if they are not satisfied with dential facilities, technical aids etc also aim the conditions. The need for care, should of care some people need.
High level quality in LTC services Long-term sustainability As a result there is a wealth ability to pay. To avoid such a scenario, of experience and ideas to refer to as the a sustainable mix of public and private Member States seek to modernise, expand financing may need to be found.
Meanwhile, and improve services in response to demo- better value for money and continuity in graphic ageing and other challenges. They community-based care over provision in responsible for the use that may be made of the information contained in this publication. Obtaining the high- For any use or reproduction of photos which are not under European Communities copyright, permission must be sought directly from the copyright holder s. A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet.
The European Union also offers support I am confident that this publication will give © European Communities, for mutual learning among Member States readers the chance to learn much about Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged. This enables national recent developments in long-term care authorities to learn from each other, drawing systems across Europe and I commend ce-st strain multi slim Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, the best from experience gained and crystal- to them.
ISBN lising out good practice. DOI Long-term this pledge to the elderly become harder to pensions, health care and long-term care care can include rehabilitation, basic medical overcome. This is true now and will become LTC. We focus on the last of those four areas.
These reflect the oldest age groups… who are most at risk differences over the length of stay, range of of long-standing chronic conditions causing compared to According to line between the available medical health- a Eurobarometer survey, a majority of care and non-medical social services. Some As Europeans live longer, the public resources Europeans think that it is likely, or unlikely countries, for instance, prefer to concentrate devoted to health and long-term care are the but possible, that they will be dependent on on out-patient rehabilitation treatment earlier second largest component of overall social long-term care at some point in their lives.
With Against that background, projections pre- citizens living longer, there will be an even pared by the Economic Policy Committee greater demand to provide LTC services, either and the European Commission inin a domiciliary or institutional setting.
These include: for the services provided: universal access, obstacles continue to exist.
Hurdles range Spain: Tackling waiting times high quality and long-term sustainability. Access to adequate long-term care tive procedures. These can vary from region to the elderly, dependents, disabled tial waiting times for treatment, and for to region within the same country, not just and chronically ill; residential care in particular. These can There is general agreement that access to between Member States.
The need for care, should of care some people need. Efforts in some co-payments; and bility a priority of social inclusion policy not lead to poverty or financial dependency.
The system home and community care services. Modern includes a wide range of care services at Costs are also a barrier, especially for low in- home and in centres, along with financial come groups who may have to meet some of and daily support for families.
Many countries, such as Cyprus, Estonia and Ireland, have introduced co-payments for long-term care. The shift in emphasis allows fees in nursing homes.
This is in addition to individuals to have a greater freedom of specific long-term care insurance and social choice over the care they require.
Balancing protection and opportunity: a strategy for social protection in transition economies
The result assistance mechanisms. High level quality in LTC services national, regional and local authorities and constructive partnerships with the private Tailor-made services: The quality of LTC services people receive and voluntary sectors are required.
Failure Czech Republic varies enormously. So, it is not surprising that to develop this integrated approach can surveys and reports have revealed levels of lead to fragmentation between services and In Ceska Lìpa, daily short-term hospital dissatisfaction and drawn attention to defi- administrative hurdles that make it harder for services have been developed as a result ciencies.
The issues raised range from inad- people to receive the care they need. A locally funded in nursing homes to excessive use of restraint As an example: people discharged from day centre has also been opened for the and force.
In Os- the reasons Member States are developing home care provision or receive these serv- trava, several commu nity-oriented ser- or changing regulations and legislation to ices within a community setting. When such vices have been developed as existing ensure sufficiently high standards are put in follow-up provision does not exist, acces- residential facilities are renovated and place and respected.
Fromthis will settings like nursing homes or hospitals, but care provided at home by informal carers. Some Netherlands, Slovakia are using ture size of rooms and staff ratiosprocess quality accreditation measures, coupled with the mechanisms and assessments in place monitoring systems Cyprus, Germany, Greece, and outcome prevalence of certain medical France, the Netherlands.
Others Germany, conditions. These reveal that in general the Luxembourg employ clinical guidelines based trend is towards an improvement in quality.
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At the same time, mechanisms. But they are still in the early stages patients. Ten normal men were used as controls, as was a group consisting of five normal women and another consisting of five pregnant women.
Crystallization was induced by a fixed supersaturation of calcium oxalate and measured with a Coulter Counter. All findings were confirmed by light and scanning electron microscopy. The number of particulate material deposited w8 kaalulangus patients with Tamm-Horsfall protein was higher than that of the controls P Tamm-Horsfall protein decreased the particle diameter of the stone formers when analyzed by the mode of the volume distribution curve P Tamm-Horsfall protein and uromodulin, respectively; 8.
Uromodulin produced fewer particles than Tamm-Horsfall protein in all groups. Nonetheless, the total volume of the crystals produced by uromodulin was higher than that produced by Tamm-Horsfall protein. Our results indicate a different effect of Tamm-Horsfall protein and uromodulin. This dual behavior suggests different functions.